|Program Name:||Investment Tax Credit (ITC) (IRC Section 48)|
|Program Type:||Tax Incentive|
|Technology:||Solar, Geothermal, Wind, Fuel Cells, CHP|
The ITC is a tax credit that can be claimed on federal corporate income taxes equal to a certain percent of the cost of eligible renewable energy property. The tax credit rate depends on the type of property or technology for which the credit is being claimed, as well as the applicable construction and in-service date of the technology.
The equipment must be new, meaning the original use of the equipment must begin with the tax payer, or the system must be constructed by the tax payer, and must meet any applicable performance or quality standards in effect at the time when the equipment is acquired.
How the Program Works
The ITC is calculated by multiplying the applicable tax percentage by the amount invested in the eligible property. The tax credit percentage is determined by the “commence construction” date of the project and is claimed according to the “placed in service” date. Meaning, the applicable percentage that may be claimed is dependent on the date construction for the energy property was commenced, but the tax credit cannot be claimed until the year in which the property becomes operational.
The applicable credit rates based on technology and construction commencement are as follows:
|PV, Solar Water Heating, Solar Space Heating/Cooling, Solar Process Heat||30%||30%||26%||26%||22%||10%|
|Hybrid Solar Lighting, Fuel Cells, Small Wind||30%||30%||26%||22%||26%||22%|
|Geothermal Heat Pumps, Microtubines, Combine Heat and Power Systems||10%||10%||10%||10%||10%||10%|
|Large On-Shore Wind||18%||12%||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A|
A taxpayer generally can establish the commencement of construction either by incurring 5% of the total eligible costs of the project, or by commencing actual physical construction of the project prior to the applicable deadline.
Please see the applicable IRS guidance for more information.
How to Apply
Internal Revenue Service (IRS),
1111 Constitution Avenue, N.W.,
Washington, D.C. 20224